SAT拼分及美国大学送分政策详解
孤灯长巷 2017-03-04     13:32 来源: 来自互联网
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摘要:在每年的申请季很多学生都会问到SAT送分问题,那么美国大学到底是怎么看我们的SAT分数的呢?如果我们考了不止一次,他们是取各项Section最高分加起来,还是取最高的那一次的总分?如果第一次考得很差对申请会不会产生负面的影响?


SAT拼分及美国大学送分政策详解

其实在送分的时候如果稍加注意地应对这个政策,是可以避开一些申请的不利因素的。

SAT成绩是用于申请美国大学的考试一项重要成绩,大部分名校都需要申请者递交SAT成绩。但是对于考过多次SAT的同学来说,在送分的时候需要考虑的不仅是这所学校是否需要SAT成绩,更要考虑这所学校是否接受SAT拼分的问题。

那么,什么是SAT拼分呢?SAT的分数要怎么拼?要解释这个问题,先为大家介绍美国大学的六种SAT送分政策:

1Highest Section Scores Across Test Dates — Version 1(Highest M, CR, W)

大学会提取申请者提交的所有SAT考试成绩的最高一部分分数,即所有成绩中单门的最高分数相加(但大学会参考申请者提交的所有成绩)。申请者可以自由提交任何想提交给大学的新的更高分数。

2Highest Section Scores Across Test Dates — Version 2(Highest M, CR, W)

大学会提取申请者所有提交的SAT考试成绩的最高一部分分数,即所有成绩中单门的最高分数相加。只有申请者的最高的一次分数会作为最后录取的依据(意味着大学只参看你提交的最高部分分数)。申请者每提交一次更高分数,大学都会更新最高分。(强烈建议每获得一次更高SAT成绩都提交。)

3Single Highest Test Date — Version 1(Sum of M+CR+W)

大学将提取申请者的单次SAT考试总分最高成绩(包括数学,阅读和写作)。但大学会参考申请者提交的每一次的成绩。申请者可以自由提交自己认为可用的分数给大学。

4Single Highest Test Date — Version 2(Sum of M+CR+W)

大学将提取申请者的单次总分最高成绩(包括数学,阅读和写作)。只有最高的分数会作为最后录取的依据(意味着大学只参考申请者最高一次的分数)。申请者每提交一次更高分数,大学都会更新新的最高分。(强烈建议申请者每获得一次更高SAT成绩都提交。)

5All Scores Required for Review

大学认为申请者所有的SAT考试成绩都要进行审查,并要求申请者提交所有日期的所有SAT考试成绩。

6. Contact Institution for Information

如何使用SAT成绩需申请者与大学联系。

而在以上六种政策中,采取第一或第二种政策的大学就是所谓的允许“拼分”的大学。换句话说,所谓的SAT拼分,就是用各次SAT考试中每部分的最高分拼凑出一个最高总分。

规律总结:

1、只有采取“All Scores Required for Review” 的学校是不采取CB的score choice的;

2、"Version 2" 比"Version 1"对我们更有利,因为采取那两种"version 1"政策的学校尽管表面说取你的最高分,但是还是考虑你的低分;

3、 取"highest section"的比取"single highest test date"的对我们更有利,因为"highest section" 分数相加往往能maximize我们的分;

4、我们每次填写那4所免费送分的学校时,应避开采取"version 1"的学校,而填写那些自己list中采取"all scores required"或者"version 2"的学校,前者是因为规定要寄所有分数,后者是因为寄了百益而无害。

实际操作:举个例:(完全版SAT利用政策请参见那个刚才下载的文件)如果你的初步选校list中包括以下几所学校:

采取 highest section version 1的: Brown university;

采取 highest section version 2的: USC, WUSTL, Indiana University-Bloomington;

采取 single highest test date version 1的:University of Minnesota - Twin Cities;

采取 single highest test date version 2的:Ohio State University;

采取 all scores required的:University of Pennsylvania;

这样的话,你在填4所免费的时候应该选哪几所呐?

原则:

1、避开用version 1的学校,因为如果你这次不小心考了差了,你还把成绩寄过去,会对你的申请会有负面影响;

2、填用version 2的学校,因为即使你考了差了,如果下次考得高点,低分也不会有任何负面影响;

3、填用all scores的学校,因为怎么也逃不掉的……祈祷考得好些吧

所以,尽管我很喜欢那些用version 1的学校,比如brown啊,UMN啊,但是我最后还是填了:USC\WUSTL\IUB(highest section version 2) 和Penn (all scores required) ,这4所因为我知道我要考两次,所以我会等到2次分全都出来了以后,再选个较高的分寄到brown和UMN,这样他们就不知道我的低分了!

SAT拼分及美国大学送分政策详解

当然我也知道很多情况下会出现第二次各个section都比第一次考得高的情况,那也就不必在乎那个学校到底是去各项最高分还是取最高的总分。不过有时候第一次考math拿了800,第二次一粗心math掉到750+也不是没有可能……还有那些BT的all scores required的牛校,偏偏要洞察你成长的完整的“心路历程”

CB官方政策解读

How to SendYour Scores with Registration

1、Choosefour score recipients for FREE during registration

You can make updates to your scorerecipients for up to nine days after your test date. To make updates, log in toMy SAT.

简注:每位考生注册考试后都有四次免费送分机会。在考试之后9天内,考生可随时更新SAT考分接收人信息。

2、Sendadditional scores

Four score sends are included freewith your registration. If you choose to send more than four, or to send scoresoutside the registration time period, you will be charged $10.50 per scoresend.

简注:四次送分费用是考生注册后免费送的。如果考生要递交超过四份的成绩或想要在注册期以外的时间递交SAT成绩,每次就需要另交$10.5的费用。

How ScoreChoice Works

1、Selectwhich scores you want to send to your score recipients

Score Choice gives you the optionto choose which scores (by test date for the SAT and by individual test for SATSubject Tests ) you send to colleges — in accordance with an institution'sstated score-use practice.

If you decide not to use ScoreChoice, all of your scores will be sent to your recipients. Students shouldstill feel comfortable sending all scores, since most colleges consider astudent’s best score.

简注:Score Choice(只送部分成绩)功能允许考生选择性地向申请院校递送分数。SAT Reasoning考试可以选择某个考试日期的分数,也就是说,要送就一次成绩一起送,不可以选择这次的阅读和那次的语法组合。SAT Subject考试可以按科目送分,比如这次考了3门,但可以只送2门成绩。

考生也可以选择不用Score Choice功能,这样的话考生的所有成绩都会被递送到学校。

2、Sendingscores to college and university systems

For certain college and universitysystems, once you submit your score to one school, other schools within thatsystem will also have access to your score. Please note, however, that if youare applying to more than one school within a college or university system, itis still important for you to send your SAT scores to each individual school.If you are not sure whether the specific school you are applying to is part ofsuch a system, contact the school's admissions office.

简注:对于一个院校系统来说,如果考生向某所系统内的学校递交了SAT成绩,那该系统内的其他院校都将能看到你的成绩。但即便如此,考生如果申请了一个院校系统内的多所大学,最好还是向申请的每所院校都寄送SAT成绩。如果你不确定你申请的院校是否是属于某个大学系统,你可以联系学校的招生办公室。

3、Participatingin the Student Search Service

If you decided to participate inthe Student Search Service, colleges and universities may identify you toprovide you with materials about college admission and financial aid. StudentSearch Service does not report your course grades, test scores, phone numbersor social security number to these organizations, but organizations can requeststudent information based on a variety of criteria which may include scorerange, or other variables such as geographical location or expressed interests.

简注:如果你决定加入Student Search Service,那么一些院校就会识别出你,可能为你提供一些入学申请或奖学金申请的材料。Student Search Service不会向任何学院机构透露你的课程成绩、考试分数、电话号码等信息,但是学校可以对考试分数范围、地理位置等比较宽泛的信息做了解。

Score Reports and Score Sending

Sendingofficial SAT score reports is the only way to ensure that colleges receive yourscores.

Four SATscore reports are included free with your registration.Sendingscores with your registration is the fastest way to send scores to colleges andscholarship programs.Manycolleges view receiving your scores early as a demonstration of your interest.SATProgram recommends that students send all of their scores if they are unsure ofwhich scores to send.

DoesScore Choice affect how many scores I send or receive?

Any or all of your scores can besent to a college on a single report. It does not cost more to send multipletest scores, or all of them. If you choose not to use Score Choice, all of yourscores will be sent automatically in each score report.

Also, Score Choice applies only tothe score reports that you send to colleges. You and your high school stillreceive scores from all of your test dates.

简注:任何几次或全部的成绩都可以出现在同一张成绩单上。所以,递交多次成绩或所有的成绩不会产生额外的费用。如果考生选择不是用Score Choice,那所有的成绩都会自动记录到成绩报告中。Score Choice只修改送出的成绩单,而不改变College Board里的分数记录。考生与所在高中依旧会收到所有的分数。

Should Score Choice influence howmany times I take the SAT?

No. While you may see a smallscore increase if you take the test a second time, there is no evidence tosuggest that taking the SAT more than twice is beneficial to your score.Remember: Score Choice allows you to choose your scores only by test date, notby test section.

简注:如果考生第二次的成绩比第一次只有几分的提高,那么,第二次的成绩也不见得对你会有多少帮助。请记住:Score Choice只允许你选择递送的考试日期,但不能选择单独的科目分数。

How will I remember to send myscores?

The College Board will sende-mails to you and your counselors to remind you to send your scores.

简注:College Board将会发邮件提醒考生递送成绩的时间。

Why should I use my registrationscore reports if I can't see my scores?

Using the registration score reportsensures that test scores are sent to colleges at the earliest possible moment.Colleges use standardized test scores for admission as well as scholarshipawards, course placement, or selection to a specific program or major. Sendingyour registration score report ensures that colleges have the most complete setof information about you for use in their review processes.

Should I send my scores early?

If you know which schools you'dlike to send your scores to and are comfortable sending your scores in thespring of your junior year, you should do so. Some colleges see this as a signof interest. They may also use scores to qualify you for special campus visitprograms, information sessions in your hometown or scholarships.

简注:如果你决定好了要递送的学校,那么你在高二的春季就应该寄送你的成绩了。

Should I send all my scores?

If you are unsure of which scoresto send or your college has not indicated their preference, then the SATProgram recommends that you send all scores. There are benefits to sendingcolleges all of your scores and colleges are particularly interested in yourbest scores.

简注:如果你不确定要递送哪次的考试成绩,而你要打算申请的学校也没有给出具体的要求或建议的话,SAT工作组建议考生递送所有的成绩。

Is there a way to view a list ofindividual score-use practices by college or university?

Yes. The SAT Score-Use PracticesList provides an alphabetical listing of college and scholarship programs thathave submitted their score-use practice. Download the SAT Score-Use PracticesList.

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